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Combination of AI & HI – Strategic adaptation for Enhanced Cyber Defense

human intelligence vs artificial intelligence

In the digital scenario, safeguarding sensitive data and critical systems has emerged as a paramount concern for organisations globally. The symbiotic relationship between Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Human intelligence (HI) is increasingly recognized as a pivotal factor in navigating this complex terrain.

A case study by Deloitte shows that AI can help improve cybersecurity by enhancing automation for routine security tasks, improving threat detection and response times, and reducing human errors and biases.

The benefits are evident in the forecasts of the global AI in cybersecurity market size,4 which was evaluated at US $17.4 billion in 2022 and is expected to hit around US$102.78 billion by 2032, growing at a CAGR of 19.43% between 2023 and 2032.

Artificial Intelligence (AI) has risen as a formidable ally in the perpetual cat-and-mouse game of cybersecurity. Leveraging advanced algorithms and machine learning, AI enhances cyber resilience by meticulously analyzing vast datasets and identifying patterns that may elude human analysts. This predictive capability facilitates early threat detection and intervention, thereby mitigating the likelihood of major breaches. Furthermore, AI’s capacity for continuous learning from historical data and adaptation to new attack strategies serves to bolster defenses against cyber adversaries.

While commenting on the relationship between AI and HI Sachin Rajguru, Chief Information Security Officer, CTBC Bank stated “Organizations can balance reliance on AI’s predictive capabilities with human intelligence by fostering collaboration between AI specialists and local cybersecurity experts. This collaboration ensures that AI-driven insights are interpreted within the Indian context, considering cultural nuances and ethical considerations. Establishing clear ethical guidelines and regulatory compliance frameworks specific to the Indian market further enhances this balance, promoting transparency and trust. Continuous education and training programs on AI ethics empower employees to make informed decisions, reinforcing the symbiotic relationship.”

Beyond detection, AI excels in automating response mechanisms, such as isolating affected systems or neutralising malicious code swiftly and precisely. This automation not only minimises response time but also reduces potential damage, ensuring operational continuity during cyber-attacks.

However, it is imperative to acknowledge the limitations of AI within the dynamic cyber threat landscape. While AI demonstrates prowess in pattern recognition and automated decision-making based on historical data, it often lacks the nuanced understanding of context inherent to human cognition. Human intelligence provides indispensable insights into discerning the intent behind actions, assessing potential collateral damage, and considering ethical implications, domains where AI falls short.

“Indian and global organisations in India can mitigate AI vulnerability to adversarial attacks by employing adversarial training during AI model development and rigorous testing for weaknesses. Continuous monitoring systems should be implemented for real-time anomaly detection, complemented by human oversight from cybersecurity experts. Adaptive defense strategies, collaboration for threat intelligence sharing, and adherence to regulatory frameworks are crucial. Moreover, ongoing employee training programs ensure awareness of adversarial threats. By integrating these measures, organizations bolster AI resilience and ensure effective human intervention in detecting and mitigating adversarial attacks in cybersecurity operations” added Rajguru.

Moreover, AI itself is vulnerable to adversarial attacks, wherein malicious actors deliberately manipulate input data to deceive AI algorithms. This vulnerability underscores the significance of human oversight and intervention in detecting and mitigating such manipulations.

Despite technological advancements, human intelligence remains irreplaceable in cybersecurity. Through comprehensive training and education, employees become vigilant defenders, adept at identifying and mitigating cyber threats. Human intelligence brings intuition, creativity, and critical thinking to the table, essential for recognizing novel attack vectors and devising innovative security measures.

“In the Indian market, organizations can proactively invest in AI technologies by partnering with local AI firms or leveraging government initiatives for research grants. Simultaneously, they should prioritize training and upskilling their workforce in cybersecurity through specialized courses and certifications. Establishing collaboration platforms with academia and industry can foster innovation. Additionally, creating cyber threat intelligence centers can aid in monitoring and responding to emerging threats. By synergizing AI investments with human expertise development, organizations can fortify cyber resilience and adaptability, ensuring robust defense against evolving cyber threats in the Indian market” concluded Rajguru.

In crises, human expertise is paramount. Human intelligence excels in rapid decision-making, crisis management, and effective collaboration under pressure, crucial for mitigating the impact of cyber-attacks and restoring normalcy.

The future of cybersecurity hinges on the seamless integration of AI and human intelligence. By leveraging AI’s computational strength for tasks requiring speed and automation and relying on human intelligence for contextual understanding and ethical considerations, organizations can establish a robust defense against cyber threats.